Social/community wellbeing is about the relationships among individuals and groups in our society. The ways we connect, participate in our communities, and care for one another can determine whether we feel fulfilled, supported, and safe. Positive social/community wellbeing gives meaning and a sense of belonging to our lives and is also good for our mental wellbeing.
Social and civic participation
South Australian’s level of access, ability to confidently use technology, and capacity to pay for these technologies can influence their access to information and health care, and hence can have an impact on their physical, social/community and mental wellbeing.
South Australia's Australian Digital Inclusion Index annual score:
Source: RMIT University ARC Centre of Excellence for Automated Decision-Making and Society - Australian Digital Inclusion Index (ADII)
- The ADII is a relative measure of inclusion. Using a score of 0-100, it compares the degree to which individuals can be considered more digitally included than others based on three dimensions: access, affordability, and digital ability. A score closer to 100 indicates higher inclusion while scores closer to 0 indicate greater exclusion. Each of the three ADII dimensions are made up of multiple components, which are sourced directly from the Australian Internet Usage Survey (AIUS) questions.
Volunteering is a form of social participation which can contribute to an individual’s sense of meaning and purpose by ‘giving back’ to their community, which is important for positive mental wellbeing.
The proportion of South Australian adults engaging in formal and informal volunteering in the last 12 months:
- Respondents (18+ years) were asked if they had done any formal or informal volunteering in the last 12 months.
- Formal volunteering included for organisations, clubs or associations.
- Informal volunteering included unpaid help directly to other people other than relatives on their own initiative and not through a group or organisation. This includes activities like shopping for a neighbour, mowing someone else’s lawn, babysitting for free, or visiting or helping someone who is sick or elderly.
Perceptions of neighbourhood safety
If people do not feel safe in their local community this can directly impact on mental wellbeing through increased fear and anxiety. It may also impact on social/community wellbeing indirectly by reducing people’s willingness to be out in the community and on physical wellbeing by reducing people’s inclination to be physically active outdoors.
Proportion of South Australian adults reporting they feel their neighbourhoods are safe places:
- Respondents (18+ years) were asked ‘do you feel that your neighbourhood is a safe place?’ Response options included 'all of the time', 'most of the time', 'some of the time' and 'none of the time'.
- The proportion that responded all and most of the time are reported as feeling their neighbourhoods are safe places.
Carers’ wellbeing is significantly poorer than the wellbeing of other Australians, and this difference increases with age. Caring obligations can have a substantial impact on overall wellbeing, and carers also tend to experience challenges with other aspects of wellbeing including psychological distress, physical health, social connection, financial resilience, and employment.
Proportion of South Australian adults providing long term care to older people (aged 65 years and over), people with a disability or with a chronic mental or physical illness:
- Respondents (18+ years) were asked if they provided long term care at home for a parent, partner, child, other relative or friend who has a disability, is aged 65 years or over, or who has a chronic mental or physical illness. Long term was described as a minimum of 6 months and may extend into years.
Family and domestic violence
Family and domestic violence is a major health and welfare issue occurring across all socioeconomic and demographic groups, but predominantly affecting women and children. The personal impacts of family and domestic violence can be serious and long-lasting, including poor physical and mental health, loss of housing, loss or limited access to employment, precarious financial security, social isolation and alienation from extended family/social support, and in extreme cases death.
Violence can also have profound impacts on the overall development of children who witness it or are victims themselves.
This indicator aligns with the National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children 2010–2022 (Commonwealth of Australia, 2019).
Rate (per 100,000 population) of South Australian victims of family and domestic violence crime:
Homicide and related offences:
- Rate per 100,000 people for population groups.
- Victims’ data does not reflect unique people. If a person is the victim of multiple incidents recorded by police throughout the reference period, each unique incident is counted. Where incidents include multiple offences that fall under different Australian and New Zealand Offence Classification (ANZSOC) offence categories, each different offence category is counted once per incident.
- Refer to AIHW website for more detail on definitions for family and domestic violence related data and the different offence categories.
Children and young people have the right to grow up safe, connected and supported in their family, community and culture. Child abuse and neglect can have a wide range of significant adverse impacts on a child’s development and later outcomes, including but not limited to negative physical health outcomes, mental health issues, poor school performance, and a higher likelihood of criminal offending.
This indicator aligns with the South Australian Government strategy Safe and well - Supporting families, protecting children, and Safe & Supported: The National Framework for Protecting Australia’s Children 2021 - 2031
Primary measureRate (per 1000 children) of South Australian children aged under 12 months who were the subjects of substantiations of notifications:
Source: Report on Government Services - Child protection services
- Substantiations of notifications to child protection (per 1,000 population).
- Rates of children in substantiations of notifications are calculated as the number of children aged under 12 months divided by the estimated population of children aged under 12 months at 30 June, multiplied by 1000.
Child online safety:
These data are not yet available.
Trust in government
Trust is the foundation for a functioning democratic system and is crucial for maintaining political participation and social cohesion. Trust in government works in the public interest as citizens who trust their governments are more likely to accept difficult policy changes and act for the wider good.
During all stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, including containment of the virus, reducing the severity of the pandemic and recovery, trust in public institutions has been vital for governments’ ability to respond rapidly and to secure citizen support.
Proportion of South Australian adults reporting they have trust in government:
These data are not yet available.
Discrimination is an important social determinant of health and wellbeing, and has significant impacts on social and economic outcomes for both individuals and at the population level.
In particular, racism causes significant stress and robs people of their identity. For Aboriginal South Australians, it is critical to address racism in order to preserve Aboriginal identity in children and for future generations.
Proportion of South Australian adults reporting ever being discriminated against, based on religion, race, sexual orientation, gender, age, disability or other reasons:
- Respondents (18+ years) were asked if they had ever been discriminated against because of their religion, race, sexual orientation, gender, age, disability, or any other reasons.